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Rover EXOMARS
ExoMars - Credits ESA
CHARACTERISTICS 
ExoMars is a mission of ESA's Aurora Exploration Programme
One of the main objectives of ExoMars is to determine if Mars planet has been, is or can be habitable.
HUMBOLDT instruments:
SEIS, EISS, AEP, ARES, HP³, IRAS, LaRa, MEDUSA, MiniHUM, MSMO, UVIS
PASTEUR instruments:
MicrOmega, WISDOM, CLUPI, LMC-SMILE, Ma_MISS, Mars-XRD, MIMA, MIMOS II, MOMA, PanCam, Raman-LIBS, Urey
Lifetime: one martian year (687 terrestrial days)

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The project main steps

Timeline

Esa's AURORA programme aims to pave the way for medium and long term automatic and human exploration of the solar system. Mars, the Moon and the asteroids are its favoured targets. ExoMars, the very first mission of this programme, has technological as well as scientific objectives.
 

ExoMars' scientific objectives, in order of priority, are:

    To search for signs of life, past and present, on Mars;
    To characterise the geochemical environment in relation to depth and to detecte the possible existence of water in subsurface pockets;
    To study surface and environment in order to identify potential hazards to future human missions;
    To study the structure of underground layers to improve our understanding of the evolution an inhabitability of Mars.

In addition to these scientific objectives, this mission aims to demonstrate Europe's capacity to land a probe on Mars. It also serves to confirm the feasability of in-situ robotic operations technologies, thus helping to consolidate Europe's ambition to secure a major role in future international exploration missions.

The main elements of ExoMars mission are:

    The 1200 kg Descent Module which will realise entry, descent and landing (EDL) operations for a smooth landing of a 250 kg vehicle and a station;
    The surface vehicle which will be able to travel over several kilometers;
    This vehicle will be equipped with a drilling system capable of extracting samples 2 meters deep. The automatic sample preparation system will then distribute them to the analysis instruments.

Both station and vehicle will be equipped with instruments supplied by European and international scientific consortia. The vehicle will carry the PASTEUR payload composed of 12 instruments and weighting 16.5 kg. The French contributions to this payload are particularly important for six of these instruments: MicrOmega, WISDOM, CLUPI, MIMOS II, MOMA and Raman-LIBS.

The station will carry the HUMBOLDT payload composed of 11 instruments and weighting 8 kg. The French contributions to this payload are particularly important for the following six instruments: SEIS, EISS, AEP, ARES, HP³ and MSMO.

Each element includes functions which will demonstrate European technological capabilities and sustain the long term objectives of the Aurora programme. Part of CNES' contribution to the mission is to take chage, for ESA, of such technical aspects as vehicle navigation and system studies. It also acts, for ESA and the national laboratories involved, as prime contractor of the French instruments used in ExoMars.


Latest update 15/02/2010
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WARNING
The information presenting EXOMARS mission reflects what was defined until April-May 2009, the mission has been redefined and became Exomars Programme. The new information presenting the Exomars Programme can be found here.  
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